# Classical conditioning

Pavlovian experiment: make a dog salivate by providing food whenever there’s a certain stimulus

Stimulus then Unconditional stimulus ⇒ Unconditional response

Then, add a new stimulus ⟶ the animal will learn to associate it with the food

Extinction:

still stimulus, but no food afterwards ⟶ the animal “unlearn” to pair the stimulus with the food

# Rescorla-Wagner Rule

• Stimulus: $u_i ∈ \lbrace 0, 1 \rbrace$
• Reward: $r_i ∈ \lbrace 0, 1 \rbrace$

• Predictor: $v_i ≝ w u_i$
Loss:
$L_i ≝ δ_i^2 = (r_i - v_i)^2$

$w ← w - ε \underbrace{\frac{\partial}{\partial w} L_i}_{=-2u_i δ_i}$

Rescorla-Wagner Rule:

$w ← w + ε u_i δ_i$

### Partial Reinforcement

Reward ⟶ delivered with a certain probability $p$

⟹ the predicted function fluctuates around $p$ ⟶ this is what is actually seen in experiments

### Multi-dimensional

$\vec{v_i} ≝ ⟨\vec{w}, \vec{u}⟩ \\ \vec{w} ← \vec{w} + ε δ_i \vec{u_i}$

### Blocking

The annimal can’t learn the association between the second stimulus and the reward if the reward is already predicted by the first stimulus.

### Secondary conditioning

You want to transfer what it learnt with a first stimulus to a second one (make the animal forget about the first stimulus and just focus on the second one).

In practice, the animal can learn without a reward, so the model isn’t fitted for in this case.

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